The following studies are referenced in The Tyranny of Time: How long does effective therapy really take? (Psychotherapy Networker, March/April 2020). They are listed in the order they appear in the article.
Consumer Reports. (1995, November). Mental health: Does therapy help? pp. 734-739.
Seligman, M.E. (1995). The effectiveness of psychotherapy. The Consumer Reports study. American Psychologist, 50, 12, 965-74.
Morrison, K.H., Bradley, R., Westen, D. (2003) The external validity of controlled clinical trials of psychotherapy for depression and anxiety: A naturalistic study. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, and Practice, 76, 109-132.
Lambert, M.J., Hansen, N.B., Finch, A.E. (2001). Patient-Focused Research: Using Patient Outcome Data to Enhance Treatment Effects. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 69, 1590-172.
Yehuda, R., & Hodge, C.W. (2016). Treatment options for Veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder—Reply. JAMA Psychiatry, 73, 758.
Steenkamp MM, Litz BT, Hogue CW, Marmar CR (2015). Psychotherapy for military-related PTSD: a review of randomized clinical trials. Journal of the American Medical Association, 314, 489-500.
Steenkamp MM, Litz BT, Marmar CR (2020). First-line Psychotherapies for Military-Related PTSD. Journal of the American Medical Association. Published online January 30, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20825
Westen, D., & Arkowitz-Westen, L. (1998). Limitations of Axis II in diagnosing personality pathology in clinical practice. American Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 1767–1771.
Binder, P. E., Holgersen, H., & Nielsen, G. H. (2010). What is a “good outcome” in psychotherapy? A qualitative exploration of former patients’ point of view. Psychotherapy Research, 20, 285-294.
De Smet, M. M., Meganck, R., De Geest, R., Norman, U. A., Truijens, F., & Desmet, M. (2020). What “good outcome” means to patients: Understanding recovery and improvement in psychotherapy for major depression from a mixed-methods perspective. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 67, 25-39.
Orlinsky, D. E., & Ronnestad, M. H. (2009). How psychotherapists develop: A study of therapeutic work and professional growth, American Psychological Association. Washington, DC.
Olfson, M., & Marcus, S. C. (2010). National trends in outpatient psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 167, 1456-1463.
Watts, B. V., Shiner, B., Zubcoff, L., Carpenter-Song, E., Ronconi, J. M., & Coldwell, C. M. (2014). Implementation of evidence-based psychotherapies for posttraumatic stress disorder in VA specialty clinics. Psychiatric Services, 65, 648-653.
Yonatan‐Leus, R., Tishby, O., Abargil, M., & Wiseman, H. (2019). Therapist effects in yearlong psychodynamic therapy: An exploratory study. Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy, 26(6), 751-760. https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.2400