Jonathan Shedler, PhD

Resources for “The Personality Styles: Mapping the Clinical Terrain”


Lingiardi, V., Shedler, J, & Gazillo, F (2006).  Assessing personality change in psychotherapy with the SWAP-200: a case study.  Journal of Personality Assessment, 86, 23-32. 

Mackinnon, R. & Michels, R. (1971), The obsessive patient. In The Psychiatric Interview in Clinical Practice. WB Saunders.

McWilliams, N. & Shedler, J. (in press). Psychodynamic Diagnostic Manual-3 (PDM-3): Personality Styles. NY: Guilford Press

McWilliams, N. Relationship, subjectivity, and inference in diagnosis (1988). In J Barron (Ed.), Making Diagnosis Meaningful. American Psychological Association

Shedler, J. (2022). The personality syndromes. In R. Feinstein (Ed.), Personality Disorders. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Shedler, J. (2002).  A new language for psychoanalytic diagnosis. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 50/2, 429-456.


McWilliams, N. (2011). Psychonalytic Diagnosis: Understanding Personality Structure in the Clinical Process, 2nd edition. NY: Guilford Press.*

Shapiro, D. (1965). Neurotic Styles. NY: Basic Books.

Yeomans, F., Clarkin, J., Kernberg, O. (2015). Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing.

Caligor, E., Kernberg, O.F., Clarkin, J.F., Yeomans, F.E. (2018). Psychodynamic Therapy for Personality Pathology: Treating Self and Interpersonal Functioning. American Psychiatric Publishing


SWAP assessment instrument